Conducting a security risk assessment in an academic (SRA) institution involves a comprehensive review of the institution's security posture to identify vulnerabilities and potential risks to sensitive data, systems, and operations. Without a thorough assessment, academic institutions may be vulnerable to a wide range of security threats, which could result in financial losses, damage to reputation, or even legal liability. Conducting an SRA helps institutions identify potential risks and implement appropriate measures to mitigate those risks, ultimately enhancing the overall security and resilience of the institution. ISO 31000 and API 780 will provide guidance on Risk Management (RM) and risk assessment processes. ISO 31000 is an international standard that provides principles and guidelines for managing risk in all types of institutions, while API 780 is a widely recommended practice for Risk Management within private entities.
The SRA process for an academic institution will typically involve the following steps:
Identification of the assets that need to be protected. This includes all physical assets (such as buildings, equipment, and supplies), as well as digital assets (such as data, software, and intellectual property).
Identification of potential threats. This includes both internal threats (such as employee theft or sabotage) and external threats (such as natural disasters or cyberattacks).
Assess the likelihood of each threat occurring. This involves evaluating the probability of each threat and determining the potential impact it could have on the institution.
Evaluate existing security measures. This includes assessing the effectiveness of current security measures in place, such as access controls and surveillance systems.
Develop a risk management plan. Based on the results of the assessment, develop a plan to address any identified risks, including implementing new security measures or modifying existing ones.